Die Aufgabenstellung:

Read the text about measures to cope with traffic problems in a Chinese city, then choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D) for questions 1-6. The first one (0) has been done for you.
China’s teeming cities, home to millions, are blanketed in smog. The country is now trying to fight air pollution and traffic chaos by expanding public transportation.
China’s rapidly growing cities are grappling with massive pollution. At the start of the year, Beijing made headlines around the world with images of the Chinese capital blanketed in a cloudy haze.
Yet the city is just one of many urban centers in China where air quality has drastically plummeted. As the country’s middle class continues to grow, so too, has the demand for cars. China has the highest number of new car registrations in the world. In 2011, 14.5 million new cars were registered – a stark contrast from some 600,000 vehicles in 2000.
With so many new cars, air quality has deteriorated rapidly and roads are badly congested. Local
governments and city planners are looking for ways to relieve the traffic and pollution by roviding
eco-friendly, sustainable transport.
Too often, say analysts, developing countries end up copying the car-based transportation concept they see in industrialized countries. “Instead of reducing individual transit and expanding public transportation, officials focus too much on building up infrastructure and easing the flow of traffic,” says Jüren Perschon, an expert at the European Institute for Sustainable Transport (EURIST), in a strategy paper.
Guangzhou BRT – fast, green and clean But there are signs of progress - take Guangzhou, for example. Located on the Pearl River in southern China, the city is an important manufacturing hub for everything from textiles to high-tech electronics and auto parts. Booming industries have attracted millions of people to Guangzhou, and the city – which is already home to some nine million people – is growing rapidly.
To keep traffic from spiraling out of control, officials introduced the Guangzhou BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) in February of 2010. The buses now transport nearly a million passengers a day, far more than most of China’s subway systems.
Guangzhou constructed a special corridor with designated bus lanes in the middle of the street
that are exclusively for the BRT. Hoping to inspire residents to leave their cars behind, the city also introduced a bike sharing program that boasts 15,000 bicycles at some 200 stations.
“When you organize transportation, you have to think about the people, not about the cars,” says Karl Fjellstrom, the regional director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy, which helped design and plan the Guangzhou BRT project.
What’s more, the city has also opened the Donghaochong Greenway alongside the bicycle path. The lush network of green spaces, parks and playgrounds offers residents a peaceful oasis in the heart of the city.
The measures have helped Guangzhou not only to ease its traffic chaos, but also to cut its greenhouse gas emissions. Thanks to the bus system alone, the city cut carbon emissions by around 45,000 tons in 2010. And it's aiming to save another 86,500 tons each year over the next 10 years.
China wants to cope with environmental problems by
The huge number of new cars in China is caused by
The high number of cars has led to
The traffic policy of less developed states is mostly influenced by
The reason for the population growth in Guangzhou is to be found in
People who design urban traffic systems must consider the needs of
Guangzhou’s transport policy has led to an increase of
bifie: https://www.bifie.at/downloads (Datum: 06.05.15)
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