Below you can see a timeline including important historical facts about African Americans between the years 1881-2008. Make sure you studied all the vocabulary presented in the theoretical part of this chapter.
|The first "Jim Crow" segregation laws are passed
|Plessy vs. Ferguson case: racial segregation is ruled constitutional. The Jim Crow ("separate but equal") laws begin
|Brown vs. Board of Education case: racially segregated schools are unconstitutional
|When Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white man, she is arrested. The Civil Rights Movement starts.
Martin Luther King and others set up the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, a leading engine of the Civil Rights Movement
|The Civil Rights Act is signed, prohibiting discrimination of all kinds
|Martin Luther King is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee
|Barack Obama becomes the first African American president of the United States
What were "Jim Crow" laws? The Jim Crow laws were a number of laws requiring racial segregation in the United States between 1876 and 1965. The laws made segregation and discrimination against African Americans legal. Basically, the laws were about segregating black and white people in all public buildings and areas. "Jim Crow" was a racist term for a black person. Also schools, restaurants and buses were segregated. Areas provided for black people were usually of poorer quality than those for whites.
This picture shows a water fountain for black people only.
Fill in the gaps with two words each.
1. In 1881, the first were passed.
2. The Civil Rights Movement started when Rosa Parks refused to her bus seat to a white man.
3. The Jim Crow laws were a number of laws requiring in the United States between 1876 and 1965.
4. The laws made segregation and discrimination against African Americans legal.
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