Adjectives vs. Adverbs
He is a slow runner. > In case you want to further describe a noun, an adjective is needed.
He runs slowly. > In order to further describe a verb, an adverb is needed.
He is an extremely slow runner. > In order to further describe an adjective, an adverb is needed.
He runs extremely slowly. > In order to further describe an adverb, another adverb is needed.
In most cases the suffix LY is added to the adjective. e.g. slow - slowly
However, there are some exceptions:
1) a silent e is dropped, e.g. true - truly
2) y turns into i, e.g. happy - happily, angry - angrily.
3) le after a consonant is dropped, e.g. sensible - sensibly, probable - probably
4) after ll only add y, e.g. full - fully
5) adjectives ending wit ic add ally, e.g. fantastic - fantastically, basic - basically
6) adjectives ending with ly use in a ... manner / way, e.g. friendly - in a friendly manner
good > well
hard > hard (hardly = seldom)
late > late (lately = recently)
short > short (shortly = soon)
near > near (nearly = almost)
Some adjectives are used as adverbs without modification, e.g. daily, weekly, monthly, yearly, early, much, fast.