In order to speak about environmental problems, you need to know the appropriate vocabulary.
Industrial waste - wastes from factories, plants;
Famine - when people living in a particular area do not have enough food for a long time causing suffering and death;
Deforestation - when all the trees in a large area are cut down;
Overfishing - catching too many fish in an area of the sea, so that there are not many fish left there;
Flood - when a place becomes covered in water;
Volcanic eruption - when a mountain with a large hole at the top explodes and produces hot, melted rock and smoke;
Rising water levels - increase the height of water;
Hole in the ozone layer - a hollow space in the layer of ozone high above the Earth's surface that prevents the sun from harming the Earth;
Noise pollution - noise, often from traffic, which upsets people where they live or work;
Land pollution - damage caused to land by harmful substances or waste;
Oil spills - when oil has come out of a ship and caused pollution;
Ultraviolet radiation - energy from the sun you cannot see, but it can be harmful.
We can see low fish stocks caused by overfishing.
The book shows simple things you can do to reduce land pollution.
People are concerned about ultraviolet radiation.